An unstandardized term used in the 19th century for Carbon black pigments obtained from pyrolyzed vegetable sources. Vine black, once synonymous with yeast black, has also been made from grapevines. Vine black did not have the intensity or tinting strength of Lampblack or Ivory black, but it had excellent lightfastness.
Synonyms and Related Terms
charcoal black; Pigment Black 8; noir de vigne (Fr.); Rebenschwarz (Deut.); wijnrankenzwart (Ned.); nero vite (It.); negro de videira (Port.); yeast black; grape black; kernel black; drop black; cork black; mare black; marc black; Spanish black; German black; Frankfort black; blue black
Physical and Chemical Properties
ASTM (1999) lightfastness = I (excellent)
Resources and Citations
- J.Winter, "The Characterization of Pigments Based on Carbon" Studies in Conservation, 28:49-66, 1983.
- R. J. Gettens, G.L. Stout, Painting Materials, A Short Encyclopaedia, Dover Publications, New York, 1966
- Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
- Website: www.handprint.com
- Art and Architecture Thesaurus Online, http://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabulary/aat/, J. Paul Getty Trust, Los Angeles, 2000