Parkesine

From CAMEO
Revision as of 08:31, 27 September 2022 by MDerrick (talk | contribs)
(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Description

A brand name for the first synthetic plastic composed of Cellulose nitrate plasticized with Camphor. Parkesine was patented in England in 1855 by Alexander Parkes and marketed as a substitute for Ivory. It was used for small objects, such as jewelry, buttons, fountain pens, and brush handles. The Parkesine Company failed after a few years and was acquired by the British Xylonite company in 1875, which produced pyroxylin.

Synonyms and Related Terms

parquesina (Esp.); cellulose nitrate; pyroxylin; Xylonite; Zylonite; Ivoride

Resources and Citations

  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 172
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998
  • Website: www.me.umist.ac.uk/historyp/history.htm -- 1865
  • History of Plastics at www.nswpmith.com.au/historyofplastics.html - by 1855
  • The Dictionary of Art, Grove's Dictionaries Inc., New York, 1996 Comment: "Plastic"

Retrieved from "https://cameo.mfa.org/index.php?title=Parkesine&oldid=93198"