Bone oil

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A dark brown, odorous liquid obtained from the destructive distillation of bone. Hartshorn oil smells of ammonia and Pyridine. Bone oil is an unwanted byproduct from overheating bone glue. It is sometimes used to denature alcohol.

See also Animal oil.

Synonyms and Related Terms

aceite de huesos (Esp.); hartshorn oil; Dippel's oil; animal oil; Jeppel's oil


  • Evolves toxic ammonium cyanide when heated to 180C.
  • Combustible.

Physical and Chemical Properties

Soluble in water.

CAS 8001-85-2
Density 0.90-0.98 g/ml

Resources and Citations

  • Thomas Gregory, The Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Reinhold Publishing, New York, 3rd ed., 1942
  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 108