Bremen green

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A synthetically prepared green pigment composed of Basic copper carbonate. Bremen green is the synthetic equivalent to Malachite. It was first made in the 18th century and became widely used in the 19th century for interior and exterior house paints.

Synonyms and Related Terms

green verditer; verde montaña (Esp.); verde di Brema (It.); green bice; copper green; vernet green; mountain green; mineral green; oil green

Physical and Chemical Properties

  • Insoluble in water and ethanol.
  • Decomposes in acids with the evolution of carbon dioxide bubbles.
  • Turns black with warm alkalis, hydrogen sulfide or sulfur fumes

Resources and Citations

  • Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
  • R.D. Harley, Artists' Pigments c. 1600-1835, Butterworth Scientific, London, 1982
  • Kurt Wehlte, The Materials and Techniques of Painting, Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., New York, 1975
  • Thomas Gregory, The Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Reinhold Publishing, New York, 3rd ed., 1942
  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 231