A colorless liquid with a lemon-like odor that occurs naturally in oils of lemon, orange, caraway, dill, and bergamot. Dipentene, or limonene, is used as a wetting and dispersing agent in liquid soaps, inks, perfumes, paints, varnishes, floor finishes, and furniture polishes. It is also used as a solvent for alkyd resins, Rosin, waxes, and Rubber compounds.
Synonyms and Related Terms
cinene; limonene; cajeputene; kautschin; dl-p-mentha-1,8-diene; 1-methyl-4-(1-methylethenyl)cyclohexene
- Skin irritant.
- Flammable. Flash point = 42C (107.6F)
- Fisher Scientific: MSDS
Physical and Chemical Properties
Miscible with ethanol. Insoluble in water.
|Melting Point||-97 C|
|Molecular Weight||mol. wt. = 136.24|
|Boiling Point||175.5-176.5 C|
Resources and Citations
- R. Mayer, The Artist's Handbook of Materials and Techniques, Viking Press, New York, 1981
- Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
- The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: entry 5518
- MSDS Sheet Comment: Fisher Scientific: flash point = 46 C, bp= 165C