Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether

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A clear, colorless liquid used as a Solvent. Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether is commonly called by its trademark name of methyl Cellosolve®. It is a powerful solvent that dissolves most natural resins and synthetic resins; it is used to make quick drying varnishes, enamels, inks, stains, and nail polishes. Methyl Cellosolve® is also used to print alcohol soluble dyes on textiles.

Synonyms and Related Terms

methyl Cellosolve® [Union Carbide]; 2-methoxyethanol; methoxyhydroxyethane


  • Absorbs through plastic gloves
  • Highly toxic by ingestion, inhalation and skin absorption
  • Potential carcinogen
  • Combustible. Moderate fire risk
  • MilliporeSigma: SDS

Physical and Chemical Properties

Miscible with ethanol, water, ether, glycerol, acetone, and dimethylformamide.

Composition HOCH2CH2OCH3
CAS 109-86-4
Melting Point -85.1 C
Density 0.9663 g/ml
Molecular Weight mol. wt.=106.9
Boiling Point 124.43 C

Resources and Citations

  • Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  • Michael McCann, Artist Beware, Watson-Guptill Publications, New York City, 1979
  • The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: entry 6118