Colorless liquid with a pleasant smell. Isopropyl alcohol, or isopropanol, is used as a solvent for Gums, Shellac, Nondrying oils, Natural resins, and Inks. It is also used as an antiseptic in cleansers and body lotions. Isopropanol is added to Ethanol as a Denaturant.
Synonyms and Related Terms
isopropanol; rubbing alcohol; IPA; dimethylcarbinol; sec-propyl alcohol; 2-propanol
- Flammable. Dangerous fire risk. Flash point = 12 C (54 F)
- Skin contact may cause dryness and irritation.
- Toxic by ingestion and inhalation.
- ThermoFisher: SDS
Physical and Chemical Properties
Miscible with water, ethanol, ether, chloroform. Insoluble in salt solutions.
|Melting Point||-86 C|
|Molecular Weight||mol. wt.=60.1|
|Boiling Point||82.4 C|
Resources and Citations
- Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
- Michael McCann, Artist Beware, Watson-Guptill Publications, New York City, 1979
- The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: entry 5227; ref. index=1.3756
- CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, Robert Weast (ed.), CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, v. 61, 1980 Comment: ref. index=1.375