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The principal yellow colorant in the dye weld. Luteolin is a flavone type dye. It is extracted in a hot alkaline solution made with boiling water and Potash. Depending on the Mordant, weld produces colors ranging from bright yellow (Tin) to gold (Aluminum) to green (Iron).

Synonyms and Related Terms

weld; 5,7,3',4' tetrahydroxyflavone (IUPAC); luteolina (Esp., Port.)

Physical and Chemical Properties

Needle-like crystals.

Soluble in ethanol and alkaline solutions. Slightly soluble in water.

Composition C15H10O6
CAS 490-70-3
Molecular Weight mol. wt. = 286.24

Resources and Citations

  • Contributed information: Cindy Connelly Ryan, August 2007, IUPAC name
  • Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
  • The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: entry 5641
  • The Dictionary of Art, Grove's Dictionaries Inc., New York, 1996 Comment: 'Pigments'