Mulberry paper

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Mulberry Paper


An ornamental deciduous tree, Broussonetia papyrifera, native to eastern Asia. The bast fiber from the inner bark of the paper mulberry tree is used in the manufacture of handmade oriental paper called Kozo. The fibers are also used to make cloth called Tapa (Polynesia) or masi (Fiji).

Synonyms and Related Terms

Broussonetia papyrifera; kozo; halivun; kalivon; masi (Fiji); deer's tree; mûrier à papier (Fr.);


Collection Risks

Paper mulberry Broussonetia payrifera)
Paper mulberry

Physical and Chemical Properties

Small tree growing to 15 m with round crown. Bark=grayish green with narrow furrows.

Fiber width = 6-24 microns with variable thickness and pointed ends. Striations often occur in groups to form nodes. Parenchymal cells are rectangular and often appear to have serrated edges.

For paper fiber properties see Kozo

Resources and Citations

  • T.Collings, D. Miller, 'The Identification of Oriental Paper Fibers' The Paper Conservator, vol 3, 1978.
  • R. J. Gettens, G.L. Stout, Painting Materials, A Short Encyclopaedia, Dover Publications, New York, 1966
  • The Dictionary of Paper, American Paper Institute, New York, Fourth Edition, 1980
  • E.J.LaBarre, Dictionary and Encyclopedia of Paper and Paper-making, Swets & Zeitlinger, Amsterdam, 1969

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