Nonwoven fabric

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Paper dress
MFA# 2003.135


A cloth prepared from a film sheet or mat of fibers. Nonwoven fabric is usually made from Cotton, rayon, glass, or a thermoplastic synthetic fiber (polyethylene, polypropylene, nylon, polyester, etc.). Matted fibers may be held together by physical entanglements, by the addition of a polymer binder, or by heat sealing. Nonwoven fabrics were initially marketed in 1942 and are typically used for disposable clothing, diapers, shoe liners, cleaning cloths, and carpet backing.

Synonyms and Related Terms

non-woven fabric; nonwoven textiles; non-woven textiles; textiles no tejidos (Esp.); Vliesstoff (Deut.); Tyvek® [DuPont]; Cambrelle; Vliesston; ongeweven stof, nonwoven (Ned);

Resources and Citations

  • Rosalie Rosso King, Textile Identification, Conservation, and Preservation, Noyes Publications, Park Ridge, NJ, 1985
  • The Dictionary of Paper, American Paper Institute, New York, Fourth Edition, 1980
  • Website:
  • Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books: a Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 1982
  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 552
  • Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  • Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997

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