Petroleum distillate

Jump to navigation Jump to search


A liquid mixture of light hydrocarbons obtained from crude petroleum. Gasoline, or Naphtha, is the distillation fraction of petroleum that boils between 35-204C (100-400F). Kerosene is the heavier liquid fraction obtained in the boiling range of 204-343C. Mineral oil is collected from 330-360C. Additional fractions are often distilled from gasoline and have over the years been given many confusing and overlapping names:

- fraction (boiling range) = alternate names


  • Highly flammable.
  • Toxic by ingestion and inhalation

Resources and Citations

  • Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  • Van Nostrand's Scientific Encyclopedia, Douglas M. Considine (ed.), Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1976
  • Reed Kay, The Painter's Guide To Studio Methods and Materials, Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1983
  • Hermann Kuhn, Conservation and Restoration of Works of Art and Antiquities, Butterworths, London, 1986
  • George Savage, Art and Antique Restorer's Handbook, Rockliff Publishing Corp, London, 1954