Stoddard solvent

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Description

A petroleum distillate that was formerly widely used as a dry cleaning solvent, especially for spots and stains. Stoddard solvent was distilled and refined from mineral spirits collected in the boiling range of 177-190C. ASTM method D-484-52 defines Stoddard solvent as clear, free from suspended matter and dry (no dissolved water). Stoddard solvent is no longer commonly used because of the fire and explosion risks.

Synonyms and Related Terms

cleaning naphtha; mineral spirits; petroleum distillate

Risks

  • Highly flammable. Explosion risk. Flash point = 38-55
  • Toxic by ingestion and inhalation (may contain some benzene).
  • Skin contact can cause irritation and dryness.
  • ThermoFisher: SDS

Physical and Chemical Properties

CAS 8052-41-3
Melting Point -30 C
Boiling Point 149-204 C

Resources and Citations

  • Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  • Rosalie Rosso King, Textile Identification, Conservation, and Preservation, Noyes Publications, Park Ridge, NJ, 1985
  • A Glossary of Paper Conservation Terms, Margaret Ellis (ed.), Conservation Center of the Institute of Fine Arts, New York City, 1998