1) A chemical used to slow the drying rate of paint. Retardants were commonly used in the nineteenth century for wet-in-wet techniques. Examples of retardants for Linseed oil paints are Clove oil, Spike oil, Lavender oil, Rosemary oil, and Poppy seed oil. Butyl lactate has been used as a retardant for industrial lacquers.
2) A chemical added to a dye bath to slow the rate of dyeing.
Synonyms and Related Terms
inhibitor; retarder (Br.)
Sources Checked for Data in Record
- Reed Kay, The Painter's Guide To Studio Methods and Materials, Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1983
- Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
- Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Dictionary of Fiber & Textile Technology (older version called Man-made Fiber and Textile Dictionary, 1965), Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Charlotte NC, 1990
- Art and Architecture Thesaurus Online, http://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabulary/aat/, J. Paul Getty Trust, Los Angeles, 2000