Oil extracted from the leaves of lavender plants (Lavandula latifolia or Lavandula spica) from the mint family. Spike lavender oil is a Nondrying oil that was first used as a Retardant and Thinner in oil paints in the 16th century (Mayer 1969). Although similar to turpentine, spike oil evaporates slower and can become gummy. It is a powerful Solvent that can make oil paints and varnishes sticky.
Synonyms and Related Terms
Lavandula latifolia; Lavandula spica; spike lavender oil; esencia de espliego (Esp.); olio di lavanda (It); oil of spike
Physical and Chemical Properties
- Yellowish to greenish color with strong odor.
- Boiling Point = 170-200 C
Resources and Citations
- R. J. Gettens, G.L. Stout, Painting Materials, A Short Encyclopaedia, Dover Publications, New York, 1966
- Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
- John S. Mills, Raymond White, The Organic Chemistry of Museum Objects, Butterworth Heineman, London, 2nd ed., 1994
- M. Doerner, The Materials of the Artist, Harcourt, Brace & Co., 1934
- G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 589
- Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
- The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998
- Art and Architecture Thesaurus Online, http://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabulary/aat/, J. Paul Getty Trust, Los Angeles, 2000