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A thin stalk of the Oryzo sativa Grass. Rice straw is used for papermaking. During World War II it was also used for coarse rope because of the shortage of other bast fibers.
See also Rice flour, Rice husk, Rice oil, Rice paper, Rice starch, and Rice wax
Synonyms and Related Terms
rice straw; arroz (Esp.)
Physical and Chemical Properties
- Fiber width = 6-12 microns; straight with tapering ends;
- Striations are fine and well-spaced;
- Parenchymal cells have a serrated edge.
For paper fiber characteristics see Straw.
Resources and Citations
- T.Collings, D. Miller, 'The Identification of Oriental Paper Fibers' The Paper Conservator, vol 3, 1978.
- G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 669
- Silvie Turner, Which Paper?, Design Press, New York, 1991
- Fairchild's Dictionary of Textiles, Phyllis G.Tortora, Robert S. Merkel (eds.), Fairchild Publications, New York City, 7th edition, 1996