White, odorless, sweet tasting crystals. Sorbitol is a simple Sugar that occurs naturally in fruits (berries, cherries, plums, pears, apples), Seaweed, and Algae. It is used as a Humectant on printing rolls and in Leather, writing inks, animal glues, textiles, papers, and cosmetics. Sorbitol is used as an Emulsifier and Sequestrant in foods, wines, and vinyl resins. It is also used as a sugar substitute for diabetics.
Synonyms and Related Terms
d-glucitol; d-sorbitol; sorbit; d-sorbite; L-gulitol; hexahydric alcohol; clucitol
Physical and Chemical Properties
Soluble in water, alcohols, phenol, acetone, acetic acid, pyridine, acetamide. Insoluble in other organic solvents.
|Melting Point||110-112 C|
|Molecular Weight||mol. wt.=182.17|
Resources and Citations
- G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 795
- Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
- Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books: a Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 1982
- Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
- The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: entry 8873
- The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998