An oil extracted from plant parts, such as seeds, fruits, or nuts. Vegetable oils contain a mixture of glycerides. Drying oils with a high number of unsaturated glycerides (oleic and linoleic) can oxidize to form hard, insoluble films. Nondrying oils contain mostly saturated glycerides and do not thicken readily.
Examples of vegetable oils:
- Drying oils (linseed, tung, perilla, walnut, etc.) - mainly used in paints
- Semidrying oils (cottonseed, soybean, etc.) - used in paints, soaps and food
- Nondrying oils (coconut, corn, olive, etc.) - mainly used as food products
Synonyms and Related Terms
huile végétale (Fr.); aceite vegetal (Esp.); olio vegetale (It);
Resources and Citations
- J.S. Mills, R.White, The Organic Chemistry of Museum Objects, Butterworth Heinemann, London, 1994.
- G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 485
- Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
- Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
- Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
- The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998
- Art and Architecture Thesaurus Online, https://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabulary/aat/, J. Paul Getty Trust, Los Angeles, 2000