White cast iron

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A hard brittle Cast iron that contains less than 1% Silicon. White cast iron is heated for long periods at 800-900 C then cooled rapidly. This produces a matrix of Cementite (Fe3C). White cast iron is very wear resistant and is used for rollers and machinery.

Synonyms and Related Terms

cermet; ferro fundido branco (Port.)

Physical and Chemical Properties

Very brittle, but good hardness and abrasion resistance.

Resources and Citations

  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 155
  • David C. Scott, Metallography and Microstructure of Ancient and Historic Metals, The Getty Conservation Institute, Los Angeles, 1991