A pentose sugar with a sweet taste that is used as a sugar substitute. Xylose is a dextrorotatory white powder composed of colorless needle or prism crystals. It is derived from the hydrolysis of wood (Maple and cherry), Straw, corn cobs, peanut shells, cottonseed hulls and wood pulp waste. Xylose is used in dyeing, tanning leather, and as a diabetic food.
Synonyms and Related Terms
wood sugar; Xylomed; Xylopfan
- ThermoFisher: SDS
Physical and Chemical Properties
Soluble in water, pyridine, ethanol.
|Melting Point||144-145 C|
|Molecular Weight||mol. wt. = 150.14|
Resources and Citations
- G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 781
- G.G. Hawley, The Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Reinhold Publishing, New York, 6th ed., 1961
- Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xylose (accessed Mar. 10, 2006)