Baked enamel

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A hard, glossy paint or varnish that requires baking at temperatures greater than 65C (150F) for the development of desired properties (ASTM). Baked enamel finishes are typically made with an oil-resin or synthetic resin (alkyd, melamine, Epoxy, Cellulose nitrate, or urea) binder. They are either sprayed or painted onto a metal surface then baked to drive off the solvent and any other volatile components. This produces a uniform, dense, tough finish that is very wear resistant. Baked enamel finishes are often used as metal coatings, such as found on kitchen appliances. Many enamel paints have been replaced by powder applied coatings.

Synonyms and Related Terms

baked finish; baking finish; stoving enamel (Br.); émail au four (Fr.); esmalte al fuego (Esp.); smalto a fuoco (It.)

Resources and Citations

  • Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
  • Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  • ASTM, "Standard Terminology Relating to Paint, Varnish, Lacquer and Related Products", Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Section 6, Paints, Related Coatings and Aromatics, ASTM, D16, 7-Jan, Jul-96
  • Dictionary of Building Preservation, Ward Bucher, ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York City, 1996
  • Pam Hatchfield, Pollutants in the Museum Environment, Archetype Press, London, 2002