Jump to navigation Jump to search
Metallic titanium


A dark gray shiny metallic element. Titanium was identified by William Gregor in 1791 and separated in 1825 by Baron Berzelius. It has an abundance of 0.63% and occurs primarily in Rutile, Anatase, Sphene, Titanite, Ilmenite, perovskite, or brookite minerals. Titanium is strong but lightweight. It is used as a metal alloy with [[copper], Iron, and Steel, to add strength while decreasing mass. Titanium alloys are used in aircraft, missiles, and space capsules. The Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo capsules were mostly made of titanium. Titanium compounds are used as abrasives and pigments. Synthetically produced zinc antimony titanate was considered the best ceramic opacifier in the early 20th c.

Metallic titanium, powdered

Synonyms and Related Terms

Ti; Titaan (Ned.); titane (Fr.); Titan (Deut.; Sven.); titanio (It., Esp.); Titânio (Port.); titania


  • Powder is flammable. Fire and explosion risk.
  • Fisher Scientific: MSDS

Physical and Chemical Properties

  • Soluble in hot concentrated sulfuric and hydrochloric acid. Insoluble in water.
  • Corrosion resistance to chlorine, seawater, air pollution, alkalis.
Composition Ti (atomic no. 22)
CAS 7440-32-6
Melting Point 1670-1677 C
Density 4.6 g/ml
Molecular Weight atomic wt = 47.867
Refractive Index 2.5-2.9
Boiling Point 3260-3280 C

Resources and Citations

  • Web Elements: Website : first isolated in 1910 by Matthew Hunter
  • Cricket Harbeck, Adhesives Commonly used in Objects Conservation, unpublished, 1996
  • C. J. Harbeck, 'Ceramic Pigments' Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 30(7), 1938.
  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 811
  • Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  • Van Nostrand's Scientific Encyclopedia, Douglas M. Considine (ed.), Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1976
  • Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
  • The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: entry 9610
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998 Comment: first isolated by Baron Berzelius in 1823