Pigment

From CAMEO
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Pastel box

Description

Watercolor set used by Claira Robbins
Windsor Newton artist colors
Indigo powder (Indigofera tinctoria)

An insoluble, dry solid that is pulverized to a fine powder then mixed with a binder to form a paint, ink or crayon.

Examples of inorganic pigments:

- earth colors (Ocher, Sienna, Umber, Green earth);

- metallic oxide (Ferric oxide, Titanium dioxide, Zinc white; Viridian);

- metallic carbonates (Lead white, Calcite, Malachite);

- metallic chromates (Lead chromate; Barium chromate;

- carbon black (Bone black, Lampblack, Graphite)

Examples of some organic pigments are:

- animal (Melanin, Cochineal, Indian yellow)

- vegetable (Madder, Indigo, Gamboge)

- synthetic (Verdigris, phthalocyanine, lakes, Para red)

Synonyms and Related Terms

pigments (pl., Fr.); pigmento (Esp., Port.);

Comparisons

Websites of pigment manufacturers

Resources and Citations

  • R.L. Feller, A. Roy, E. West Fizthugh, B. Berrie, Artists' pigments: A handbook of their history and characteristics (4 vol.), NGA (Washington DC) & Archetype Publications (London)