Cellulose fiber

Jump to navigation Jump to search
Ceremonial cloth
MFA# 30.801


A class of natural fibers obtained from plants. Cellulose fibers have been used since ancient times for making clothing, ropes, thread, and paper.

Cellulose fibers are obtained from:

- seed hairs: Cotton, Kapok, Coir,

- leaves: Abaca, Agave, Henequen, Sisal, Istle, Banana

- stems: Flax, Hemp, Jute, Kenaf, Ramie, Straw, Bamboo, Grass

- trees:Hardwood, Softwood, Bark

Synonyms and Related Terms

natural fiber; plant fibers; vegetable fibers; fibras de celulosa (Esp.); cellulose vezel (Ned);

Physical and Chemical Properties

Approximate cellulose content: cotton (98%); ramie (86%); hemp (65%); jute (58%); deciduous woods (41-42%); confierous woods (41-44%); cornstalks (43%); wheat straw (42%).


Properties of Natural Fibers

Resources and Citations

  • Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books: a Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 1982
  • The Dictionary of Paper, American Paper Institute, New York, Fourth Edition, 1980
  • E.J.LaBarre, Dictionary and Encyclopedia of Paper and Paper-making, Swets & Zeitlinger, Amsterdam, 1969
  • Bernard Toale, The Art of Papermaking, Davis Publications, Portland OR, 1983