Any of several physical or chemical methods used to remove Rust or rust stains. Examples of physical cleaning methods are: paraffin oil applied with a fine Steel wool, flame cleaning, abrasives, or sandblasting. Examples of chemical rust removers are solutions that contain: ammonium citrate, Citric acid, Oxalic acid, Phosphoric acid (Jenolite, Modalene, Naval jelly), thioglycolic acid, Hydrochloric acid, or Sodium hydroxide. Often sequestrants and/or surfactants are added to aid in the cleaning process.
Synonyms and Related Terms
Jenolite; Modalene; Evapo-rust; Entroster (Deut.); removedor de óxido (Esp.); removedor de ferrugem (Port.)
Resources and Citations
- T.Stambolov, B. Van Rheden "Note on the Removal of Rust from Old Iron with Thioglycolic Acid" Studies in Conservation, 13:p.142-144, 1968.
- R.Organ, "The Corrosion of Tin, Copper, Iron and Steel and Lead" in Preservation and Conservation: Principles and Practices, Preservation Press, Washington DC, 1976, p. 249.--sequesterants and surfactants
- Tom Rowland, Noel Riley, A-Z Guide to Cleaning, Conserving and Repairing Antiques, Constable and Co., Ltd., London, 1981